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Contains a critical appraisal of the literature with opinions from expert authors
This comprehensive and authoritative text takes an integrated approach to childbirth trauma, focusing on anal sphincter injuries and perineal morbidity, as well as other lower urinary tract dysfunctions secondary to childbirth. In recent years there has been an increasing emphasis on childbirth injury. Research based on clinical evaluation and anal ultrasound has improved our understanding of these significant childbirth related complications, their associated morbidity and their long-term sequelae. Despite extensive research interest, clinical focus and institutional national and international guidelines, outcomes are still not optimal and debates continue. Complete with full-color illustrations, Childbirth Trauma is a useful guide for clinicians and researchers in this field.